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  • Writer's pictureOlga Nesterova

Biden-Harris Administration Launches ICE Pact with Canada and Finland to Strengthen Polar Capabilities


The Biden-Harris Administration, in partnership with Canada and Finland, has introduced the Icebreaker Collaboration Effort (ICE Pact). This trilateral initiative aims to enhance the production of polar icebreakers and other capabilities crucial for Arctic operations. The agreement emphasizes cooperation in shipbuilding to strengthen industrial capacity and security ties among the participating nations and their allies.


Key components of the ICE Pact include enhanced information exchange, joint workforce development efforts, and an invitation for allied countries to purchase icebreakers built in American, Canadian, or Finnish shipyards. By leveraging the shipbuilding capabilities of these nations, the initiative seeks to establish long-term, cost-effective solutions for meeting global demand for icebreakers.


Under the arrangement, the United States, Canada, and Finland will collaborate on developing a memorandum of understanding by the year's end. This document will outline the framework for implementing the ICE Pact within each country and provide mechanisms for expanding participation to additional allies and partners.


For the United States, the ICE Pact aligns with efforts under the Polar Security Cutter (PSC) Program, aimed at building new heavy icebreakers to support national security, environmental protection, and other critical missions in polar regions. Bollinger Shipyards, in collaboration with the U.S. Coast Guard, is tasked with constructing these vessels, marking a significant investment in domestic shipbuilding capacity.


The ICE Pact underscores a shared commitment to enhancing Arctic capabilities while promoting sustainable development and environmental stewardship in polar regions. It represents a strategic step forward in international maritime cooperation, positioning the participating nations at the forefront of Arctic strategy and global maritime leadership.


Source: The White House

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